Development of modern agriculture is occurring at a time of massive adoption of information technologies. To increase the efficiency of resource utilization and environmental savings, the merging of information technologies and intensive crop production systems has resulted in the concept of precision agriculture. Ranging from automatic navigation systems to remote sensing, some elements of precision agriculture already have been well-integrated into modern crop production.
Nothing stays in place and everything changes over time. We observe climate, taxation, crops structure changes, as well as the cost of material and human resources. And there are many other changes, that are not always expected and enjoyable. Remain the same only the aspiration of efficiency work on the field, with minimal costs and other expenses, keeping the opportunity to develop. And it was difficult to imagine such development and such changes that have been happened in the past twenty years.
The reliable comprehensive soil analysis is the base of effective resource management. It is impossible to make the right costs decisions without knowledge of the crop nutrient levels and the characteristics of the field. Laboratory tests indicate which elements in the soil are available, and which ones are missing. From this begins the calculation of fertilizer system. The fertilization without analysis is a typical mistake and as a result is not receiving the expected yield or additional costs for mineral fertilizers and other resources. Often there are cases, when necessary for plants element is available in the soil in sufficient quantities, but in fertilizer system it is used in excessive amounts.
Soil cultivation as a basis for the all next farmer's actions is quite varied in its types, possibilities and methods. Often it depends not so much on the natural and soil properties of the field, the whole array, or "bank", as it's used to saying today. But it depends on the education particularity, experience and the desire to change, understand changes, and learn from those who are entrusted with such a responsible task. Especially because tillage is one of the most cost-based, both on time and resources of methods of successful work on our own and virtually global benefactress. The benefactress is certainly used to the ploughs, which variety is growing in the country's fields. Thus manufacturers sometimes differ from each other only in color and the letters on the frame.
In Ukraine it has been recently heard about the changes in the government, parliament, business and the Ukrainians' mentality. But in the field of agricultural enterprise changes are not possible without innovation component. AgroPortal.ua has met up with Sergey Gaidai, whose company was a pioneer in this field, in order to find out who and why needs innovative products. You have been heading for innovation, while some one does not even look in this direction. Why do you need it?
I do not want to be fat away from the modern trends of radio and television publications which advise how we have to manage our rural economy. However, it is necessary to say that we have remembered about it recently. Two years, three years ago due to increase in rates and other inflation and reduce the levels.
Farming with a scientific approach is becoming the trend of global agribusiness. Ukraine has a chance to catch up and surpass the rivals. The year of 2016 has become the beginning of the world trade crisis. Global competition is increasing, and the struggle for capital attraction in the economy is tightening. In Ukraine, this has caused prices fall of agricultural products and reducing of the export potential. Now Ukrainian agribusiness has come to a critical point: whether to lose the branch and become a raw material appendage of Europe, or to realize reforms and become the world agricultural leader.
It is not enough for today to have thousands of hectares of high-quality black-earth soil resources which are not unlimited. Infinitely to invest in order to increase in the vehicle fleet. At some time you need to take a step back and look at unproductive attempts of investing and think about how to work more efficiently and make more money. Agriculture of developed countries went over to a new effective level.
Precision agriculture is in the field of view of farmers around the world last 20 year. This technology has been already criticized by conservatives who convince that useless expensive pseudo-scientific instruments to extorting money from farmers and by innovators, who prove the opposite.
What happens if the agricultural technologies developed in the offices without data about the features of a particular field? It's simple – vegetable cultivation is becoming unprofitable and risky, while such "planners" write off their failure on bad weather. How to avoid it?
We live in the 21 century when the technologies are developing exponentially. The saying Live and Learn emphasizes that education is extremely essential. Today the borders for goods and service shifting are almost opened. That is why all world producers have to compete. There is no other choice. Those who do not work in the world market will be replaced.
The world agricultural department tends towards effective resource using and quality improving. West farmers use precision agriculture actively and European and the USA scientists are searching for new ways of development of this technology. There is a question, why in Ukraine they are concerned about the quantity not quality.